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The Complete Buyer's Guide: Everything You Need to Know About Pool Tables

When it comes to buying the perfect pool table, the sheer number of options, designs, and technicalities can seem overwhelming. Pool tables, after all, are more than just pieces of furniture; they're an investment in entertainment, skill development, and creating lasting memories with friends and family. Whether you're aiming for a classic, luxurious feel or something modern and sleek, it's essential to be armed with the right knowledge. This article aims to unravel the mysteries behind pool tables, ensuring you make an informed decision, perfectly tailored to your needs.

Cry Wolf Slate Bed Outdoor Pool Table - Matt Black 7

Understanding the Basics: What Makes a Good Pool Table?

Before diving into the different types and brands of pool tables, it's vital to grasp the basics that define the quality and playability of a table.

Materials Matter

  • Slate: The best pool tables use slate as it offers the smoothest and most level surface. While it's heavy and more expensive, its durability is unparalleled.

  • Felt: Wool (sometimes combined with polyester) is the primary material for the surface cloth, known for its smooth texture.

  • Frame: Hardwoods like oak, mahogany, or maple are preferred for their durability and resistance to warping.

Types of Pool Tables

American vs. English

  • American Pool Tables: Typically larger with bigger pockets, they're used for games like 8-ball and 9-ball. The balls are also more substantial, averaging 2.25 inches in diameter.

  • English Pool Tables: Slightly smaller in size with tighter pockets, these are used for games like British Pool. The balls are smaller, with a 2-inch diameter.

Outdoor Pool Tables

Made with weather-resistant materials, these are ideal for patios and outdoor spaces. They come with a waterproof felt and rust-proof metal components.

Customization: Make it Yours

Design & Finish

From the color of the felt to intricate woodwork and designs, you can customize your table to reflect your style and the decor of your room.


Leather pockets offer a vintage look, while drop pockets can offer a more modern aesthetic. The choice here boils down to personal preference.

Price Points: What's Your Budget?

While it's easy to be lured by high-end tables, it's essential to understand what each price point offers:

Budget Tables (Under £1,000)

  • Made with synthetic materials or thinner slate.

  • Suitable for casual players or children.

Mid-Range Tables (£1,000 - £5,000)

  • Offer a balance between quality and affordability.

  • Ideal for enthusiasts who play regularly.

High-End Tables (£5,000 and above)

  • Craftsmanship, premium materials, and brand reputation define these tables.

  • Perfect for serious players or those looking to make a statement with their game room.

Installation & Maintenance

Once you've selected your table, it's crucial to ensure proper installation. A level surface is vital for optimal play. Hiring professionals for installation is recommended.

Maintenance includes:

  • Regularly brushing the felt.

  • Cleaning ball sets.

  • Checking the level of the table occasionally.

  • Refelting when necessary.

The Evolution of Pool Tables: A Brief History

Tracing back the history of pool, it began as an outdoor lawn game similar to croquet in the 15th century in Northern Europe. Over time, the game was moved indoors, and wooden tables with green cloth were used to simulate the grass.

The Birth of Standardization

As the popularity of the game grew, so did the need for standardization. The size, height, and even the pocket dimensions have been fine-tuned over the centuries, reflecting the evolution of the game and its various styles.

fmf Elixir Shadow White Pool Dining Table

The Science Behind the Perfect Shot

The construction of a pool table plays a pivotal role in the game. Factors like table balance, cloth resistance, and rail rebound can all influence a player's shot.

Rail Cushions

They're not just there to bounce the ball back. Quality cushions, typically made of synthetic materials or natural gum rubber, ensure consistent and accurate rebounds.

Slate Quality

The thickness of the slate can impact play. While 3/4 inch slate is common for many tables, professionals often prefer the 1-inch thick slate for its added durability and smoother roll.

Brands to Consider

While there are numerous manufacturers, a few have stood the test of time and are renowned for their quality:

  1. Brunswick: One of the oldest and most respected names in the industry, they've been crafting tables since the 19th century.

  2. Olhausen: Known for its quality craftsmanship and the use of hardwood in its tables.

  3. Diamond Billiards: Preferred by many professionals, especially for tournaments.

  4. Valley-Dynamo: A popular choice for both homes and commercial establishments.

The Sociocultural Impact of Pool

Pool tables have found their place in various establishments, from bars to dedicated pool halls and family game rooms. The game transcends age, offering both a relaxed social activity and a competitive sport.

Pool in Cinema

Hollywood has portrayed pool in various lights – from the casual games in bars to high-stakes hustling. Movies like "The Hustler" and its sequel "The Color of Money" showcase the intensity and strategy behind the game.

Influence on Music and Art

The rhythmic sound of balls colliding, the strategic planning of shots, and the ambiance of a dimly-lit pool hall have inspired many artists and musicians, leading to songs, paintings, and even theatrical performances centered around pool.

Making the Green Choice: Sustainability in Pool Table Design

Modern manufacturers are increasingly considering the environmental impact of their tables. From using sustainably sourced wood to opting for eco-friendly felt materials, the pool table industry is evolving to meet today's sustainability standards.

The Art of Craftsmanship

Crafting a pool table is more than just assembling parts; it's an art. Each component is meticulously chosen and integrated, ensuring not just functionality but also a harmonious aesthetic.

Woodworking Magic

The intricate designs often seen on the legs and frames of high-end tables are the result of hours of labor by skilled woodworkers. These artisans use a combination of traditional hand tools and modern machinery to achieve precision and detail.

Cloth Application

The application of felt to the slate is a delicate process. The cloth must be stretched just right – not too tight, not too loose – to ensure optimal play. It's also dyed in various colors, with green and blue being the most popular, mimicking the grassy origins of the game.

Beyond the Game: The Pool Table as a Social Connector

In many ways, a pool table is more than just equipment for a game. It's a social magnet.

The Pool Hall Culture

Decades ago, pool halls were social hubs, places where people from all walks of life converged. There was a sense of community, an undercurrent of competition, and always lively conversation.

Modern Day Implications

Today, having a pool table in one's home often becomes the centerpiece of social gatherings, fostering interaction, friendly competition, and bonding.

fmf Elixir Natural Oak Pool Dining Table

Wrapping it Up: The Joy of the Game

Purchasing a pool table is not just about the game; it's about the experiences it promises. Whether you're hosting parties, practicing your shots, or teaching the next generation the joys of pool, the right table will stand as the centerpiece of countless memories. By understanding what goes into making a great pool table and evaluating your preferences, you'll be well-equipped to make the perfect choice.

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